Serbian Medieval History

Serbian Monasteries

Monastery Studenica (Pr. stoo-DEH-nee-tsa) Built in 1196 by Stefan Nemanja. Church of the Holy Virgin harmoniously reconciles two architectural styles, the Romanesque and the Byzantine.

Monastery Zica (Pr. ZHEE-cha) Built by Serbian King Stefan Nemanjic (The First-Crowned) in 1208. It was the first seat of the Serbian Archbishopric.

Patriarchate of Pec The Patriarchate of Pec (pr. Pech) and the Church of the Holy Apostles were erected by Archbishop Arsenije in 1250. Church of St. Demetrius was built by Archbishop Nikodim in 1320.

Monastery Mileseva (Pr MEE-le-she-va) Founded by King Vladislav in 1234. One of the most important Serbian sanctuaries and spiritual centers in the XIII century.

Monastery Sopocani (Pr. SO-po-cha-nee) Built by King Uros I. Several members of the Nemanjic family were buried in the monastery, including the King's mother Ana Dandolo, Stefan the First Crowned, Grand Duke George and Uros I himself.

Monastery Gracanica (Pr. gra-CHA-nee-tsa) Monumental foundation of King Milutin Nemanjic. His charter includes the following: "I have seen the ruins and the decay of the Holy Virgin's temple of Gracanica, the bishopric of Lipljan, so I have built it from the ground and painted and decorated it both within and without"

Monastery Decani (Pr. DEH-cha-nee) A jewel of the Serbian medieval civilization. Founded by King Stefan Uros III in 1327. The building of the church was supervised by Archbishop Danilo.

Monastery Ravanica (Pr. ra-VAH-nee-tsa) Built by Prince Lazar in 1370. Shortly after Lazar's death at the battle of Kosovo, he was buried in the monastery. The first monument of the Morava School of Serbian medieval art.

Monastery Ljubostinja (Pr. lyu-BO-stee-nya). Founded by Princess Milica and Prince Lazar in 1388. After the battle of Kosovo, Princess Milica became a nun and spent the rest of her life in the monastery.

Monastery Kalenic (Pr. KAH-le-nich) Foundation of protostar (high Byzantine title) Bogdan, his wife Milica, and his brother Peter. The church was built and painted from 1407 till 1413.

Monastery Manasija (Pr. ma-NAH-see-ya) Founded by Despot Stefan Lazarevic. Built and painted from 1407 till 1418, and surrounded by massive walls and towers.

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